Toponymy, anthroponomy, semantics, syntax, syntagma


The work represents an analysis of composed toponyms. The number of toponyms is much like the Kartvelian languages. As research has shown, compound geographical names are frequently evidenced in Svan, among them there are many more genitive determiner toponyms and attributive determineris relatively less.

In attributive determiner toponyms derived from word combination by means of determiner reflect the location and territorial characterization of a certain object,the age or origin of its settlement and production, the relief characteristic of this or that place and etc. We have mostly adjectives (both circumstantial adjective and relative adjective) and gerund with the function of the determiner, noun and the numeral occur relatively less). As for genitive determiner toponyms, set up attributive is in possessive case (sometimes with full defending the sign of the case and sometimes partially) and it is invariably associated with defined in singular or plural. Proper nouns and common nouns are used with the function of genitive determiner in the Svan language. Anthroponyms are most commonly used - most often the person's name, less the surnames and rarely is found first names and surnames.